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THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES London, John Murray, 1861 3rd edition of only 2000 copies with a significant alteration of text not published in the first two English editions published in 1859 and 1860. Description: “The Origin of Species” is the most important biological book ever published. The publication rang in a new era of thinking about the nature of man and where he came from and its total impact it had on man's concept of himself were greater than those caused by the works of the great astronomers, mathematicians, and the great physicists of more recent times. An epic work. Octavo. Original green cloth, covers blocked in blind, spine lettered and decorated in gilt with brown endpapers. Binders tag on the left bottom corner of rear end-paper”Bound by Edmonds Remnants, London.” This binding differs only in a few small details, and is the same as in the 1859 first English edition and the contents are the same. In this third edition, the content was was extensively altered. A nice copy with a minor small nick on the side of the binding edge near the word “Species.” Nice original endpapers, with the hinges neatly and most non-obtrusively a bit cracked. The two upper book corners show a bit of wear. Interior pages do not have foxing and are nice. The half title page has a faint stamp at the top right “AM” but in no way detracts. A nice very good copy that shelves well Folding chart on page 122. One page advertisement leaf at the end. Third edition, first issued in March1861 of only 2,000 copies. The text was extensively altered, and a table is given of differences between it and the second edition, and this that occurs in each subsequent edition that Murray issued. This third of “Origin” is also notable for the addition of an historical sketch in which Darwin mentions his predecessors in the general theory of evolution, which had already appeared in shorter form in the first German edition and in the fourth American printing, both in 1860. Asa Gray wrote to Darwin on Feb. 20 that he had delivered to Appleton an 'Historical paper.' There is also a postscript on page xii. This concerns a review of the earlier editions by Asa Gray which had appeared in the Atlantic Monthly in 1860, and as a pamphlet paid for by Darwin, in 1861. This edition has one leaf of advertisements which is part of the book as mentioned.