Type of print: Wood Engraving - Original antique print
Year of printing: not indicated in the print - est. 1890s
Publisher: Richard Bong, Hanfstaengl, Berlin.
Condition: 1 (1. Excellent - 2. Very good - 3. Good - 4. Fair)
- Light vertical crease in right blank margin.
Dimensions: 10.5 x 15 inches, including blank margins (borders) around the image.
Paper weight: 3 (1. Thick - 2. Heavier - 3. Medium heavy - 4. Slightly heavier - 5. Thin)
Reverse side: Blank
- Green color around the print in the photo is a contrasting background on which the print was photographed.
- 1 inch = 2,54 cm.
Dervishes of Bokhara live in a settlement outside the town. With them
long hair is obligatory, so they can easily be distinguished from their
fellow-men. Questioned, they will tell you that Hagar's son, Ishmael,
was the first dervish.. Most of them live a life of celibacy; the
married ones are those who have joined the order since their marriage.
Another name for them is Kalendar, from kalem — ask, and afar = door,
because it is their principal duty to beg, and beat at the doors at the
same time. They are under the leadership of a dervish-in-chief, who
keeps the bag and sends them all over the country to beg, receiving
from them on their return all that they have collected during the
journey. Sometimes he sends them to travel for a period of one or two
years in Afghanistan, in Persia, in Khiva, or in Kashgar. His
discipline is said to be very severe, a statement which is hard to
believe when one meets them tearing along the streets in noisy troops,
singing and shouting like men the worse for drink; one might mistake
them for male Bacchanals. I once tempted a party of five to let me
photograph them by offering to each a silver coin, but the picture was
not a success, as they could not be persuaded to stop singing and
swaying their bodies backwards and forwards.
"What are they singing ?" I asked.
"They are praising God," was the reply.
It is strange how much respect the people have for them, considering
what a wild, worthless lot they apparently are. I have heard that most
of them are dervishes because they are too lazy to work for their bread
and prefer to live at the expense of others. They wear a peculiar kind
of high cone-shaped cap, lined with black sheep's wool, which hangs
down over forehead and neck, and mingles so completely with their lank,
dishevelled hair that it is almost impossible to tell where one begins
and the other ends. The upper part of the cap is usually covered with
green or red velvet. As a money-box for collecting alms, the dervish
carries in his right hand a gourd with one end cut off and replaced as
a lid, while in his left hand he has always a staff with an iron ring
let into the end, which can be used as a rattle to attract attention.
His only visible garment is a patchwork of rags with numerous rents
through which his bare flesh is partially visible.
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