DAYS TO GERMINATION:7-14 days at 70-75°F (21-24°C)

SOWING:Direct seed (recommended) - After last frost. Transplant - Sow in final container 3-4 weeks prior to planting out. Dislikes root disturbance.

LIGHT PREFERENCE:Sun.

PLANT HEIGHT:Varies.

PLANT SPACING:4-24". Single-stem varieties space 4-6" apart. Branching varieties space 18-24" apart.

HARDINESS ZONES:Annual.

HARVEST:Fresh - Flowers are just beginning to open. Dried - Flowers are completely open. Hang or use silica gel.

SOIL REQUIREMENTS:Light, well-drained soil. Excessive nitrogen may cause plants to grow too vigorously with abnormal flower shapes.

NOTES:Flower size and stem diameter are controlled by plant spacing, temperature, soil type, and day length. For early and late season production, select varieties that are day-length neutral or are noted as suitable for flowering under short days.

USES:Excellent cut flower or for gardens.